(Logo and goto: Prof. Timo Salmi, Department of Accounting and Finance, University of Vaasa, Finland) <http://www.elisanet.fi/tsalmi/info/latin1.htm>
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Prof. (emer.) Timo Salmi - Professional home page - Retired from the University of Vaasa, Finland [Offline. For maintenance only.] Prof. Timo Salmi The School of Accounting and Finance [Offline. For maintenance only.] University of Vaasa [Offline. For maintenance only.] WWW root level Timo on Facebook Timo Salmi on Twitter Links to Timo's FAQ materials [Offline. For maintenance only.]
[Some critical comments and ad hominem attacks about this page.]

ISO Latin 1 Character Entries

32-63 64-95 96-127 160-191 192-223 234-255

!
"
#
$
%
&amp;
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
&lt;
=
&gt;
?
 
!
"
#
$
%
&
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
`
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
`
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
&nbsp;
&iexcl;
&cent;
&pound;
&curren;
&yen;
&brvbar;
&sect;
&uml;
&copy;
&ordf;
&laquo;
&not;
&shy;
&reg;
&macr;
&deg;
&plusmn;
&sup2;
&sup3;
&acute;
&micro;
&para;
&middot;
&cedil;
&sup1;
&ordm;
&raquo;
&frac14;
&frac12;
&frac34;
&iquest;
 
¡
¢
£
¤
¥
¦
§
¨
©
ª
«
¬
­
®
¯
°
±
²
³
´
µ

·
¸
¹
º
»
¼
½
¾
¿
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
&Agrave;
&Aacute;
&Acirc;
&Atilde;
&Auml;
&Aring;
&AElig;
&Ccedil;
&Egrave;
&Eacute;
&Ecirc;
&Euml;
&Igrave;
&Iacute;
&Icirc;
&Iuml;
&ETH;
&Ntilde;
&Ograve;
&Oacute;
&Ocirc;
&Otilde;
&Ouml;
&times;
&Oslash;
&Ugrave;
&Uacute;
&Ucirc;
&Uuml;
&Yacute;
&THORN;
&szlig;
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
È
É
Ê
Ë
Ì
Í
Î
Ï
Ð
Ñ
Ò
Ó
Ô
Õ
Ö
×
Ø
Ù
Ú
Û
Ü
Ý
Þ
ß
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
&agrave;
&aacute;
&acirc;
&atilde;
&auml;
&aring;
&aelig;
&ccedil;
&egrave;
&eacute;
&ecirc;
&euml;
&igrave;
&iacute;
&icirc;
&iuml;
&eth;
&ntilde;
&ograve;
&oacute;
&ocirc;
&otilde;
&ouml;
&divide;
&oslash;
&ugrave;
&uacute;
&ucirc;
&uuml;
&yacute;
&thorn;
&yuml;
à
á
â
ã
ä
å
æ
ç
è
é
ê
ë
ì
í
î
ï
ð
ñ
ò
ó
ô
õ
ö
÷
ø
ù
ú
û
ü
ý
þ
ÿ
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255

Also &#064; @ etc


ISO Latin 1 Character Entries (Hex)

20-3F 40-5F 60-7F A0-BF C0-DF E0-FF

!
"
#
$
%
&amp;
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
&lt;
=
&gt;
?
 
!
"
#
$
%
&
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
=20
=21
=22
=23
=24
=25
=26
=27
=28
=29
=2A
=2B
=2C
=2D
=2E
=2F
=30
=31
=32
=33
=34
=35
=36
=37
=38
=39
=3A
=3B
=3C
=3D
=3E
=3F
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
=40
=41
=42
=43
=44
=45
=46
=47
=48
=49
=4A
=4B
=4C
=4D
=4E
=4F
=50
=51
=52
=53
=54
=55
=56
=57
=58
=59
=5A
=5B
=5C
=5D
=5E
=5F
`
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
`
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
=60
=61
=62
=63
=64
=65
=66
=67
=68
=69
=6A
=6B
=6C
=6D
=6E
=6F
=70
=71
=72
=73
=74
=75
=76
=77
=78
=79
=7A
=7B
=7C
=7D
=7E
=7F
&nbsp;
&iexcl;
&cent;
&pound;
&curren;
&yen;
&brvbar;
&sect;
&uml;
&copy;
&ordf;
&laquo;
&not;
&shy;
&reg;
&macr;
&deg;
&plusmn;
&sup2;
&sup3;
&acute;
&micro;
&para;
&middot;
&cedil;
&sup1;
&ordm;
&raquo;
&frac14;
&frac12;
&frac34;
&iquest;
 
¡
¢
£
¤
¥
¦
§
¨
©
ª
«
¬
­
®
¯
°
±
²
³
´
µ

·
¸
¹
º
»
¼
½
¾
¿
=A0
=A1
=A2
=A3
=A4
=A5
=A6
=A7
=A8
=A9
=AA
=AB
=AC
=AD
=AE
=AF
=B0
=B1
=B2
=B3
=B4
=B5
=B6
=B7
=B8
=B9
=BA
=BB
=BC
=BD
=BE
=BF
&Agrave;
&Aacute;
&Acirc;
&Atilde;
&Auml;
&Aring;
&AElig;
&Ccedil;
&Egrave;
&Eacute;
&Ecirc;
&Euml;
&Igrave;
&Iacute;
&Icirc;
&Iuml;
&ETH;
&Ntilde;
&Ograve;
&Oacute;
&Ocirc;
&Otilde;
&Ouml;
&times;
&Oslash;
&Ugrave;
&Uacute;
&Ucirc;
&Uuml;
&Yacute;
&THORN;
&szlig;
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
È
É
Ê
Ë
Ì
Í
Î
Ï
Ð
Ñ
Ò
Ó
Ô
Õ
Ö
×
Ø
Ù
Ú
Û
Ü
Ý
Þ
ß
=C0
=C1
=C2
=C3
=C4
=C5
=C6
=C7
=C8
=C9
=CA
=CB
=CC
=CD
=CE
=CF
=D0
=D1
=D2
=D3
=D4
=D5
=D6
=D7
=D8
=D9
=DA
=DB
=DC
=DD
=DE
=DF
&agrave;
&aacute;
&acirc;
&atilde;
&auml;
&aring;
&aelig;
&ccedil;
&egrave;
&eacute;
&ecirc;
&euml;
&igrave;
&iacute;
&icirc;
&iuml;
&eth;
&ntilde;
&ograve;
&oacute;
&ocirc;
&otilde;
&ouml;
&divide;
&oslash;
&ugrave;
&uacute;
&ucirc;
&uuml;
&yacute;
&thorn;
&yuml;
à
á
â
ã
ä
å
æ
ç
è
é
ê
ë
ì
í
î
ï
ð
ñ
ò
ó
ô
õ
ö
÷
ø
ù
ú
û
ü
ý
þ
ÿ
=E0
=E1
=E2
=E3
=E4
=E5
=E6
=E7
=E8
=E9
=EA
=EB
=EC
=ED
=EE
=EF
=F0
=F1
=F2
=F3
=F4
=F5
=F6
=F7
=F8
=F9
=FA
=FB
=FC
=FD
=FE
=FF



ISO Latin 1 Character Entries (Oct)

\040-\077 \100-\137 \140-\177 \240-\277 \300-\337 \340-\377

!
"
#
$
%
&amp;
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
&lt;
=
&gt;
?
 
!
"
#
$
%
&
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
\040
\041
\042
\043
\044
\045
\046
\047
\050
\051
\052
\053
\054
\055
\056
\057
\060
\061
\062
\063
\064
\065
\066
\067
\070
\071
\072
\073
\074
\075
\076
\077
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
\100
\101
\102
\103
\104
\105
\106
\107
\110
\111
\112
\113
\114
\115
\116
\117
\120
\121
\122
\123
\124
\125
\126
\127
\130
\131
\132
\133
\134
\135
\136
\137
`
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
`
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
\140
\141
\142
\143
\144
\145
\146
\147
\150
\151
\152
\153
\154
\155
\156
\157
\160
\161
\162
\163
\164
\165
\166
\167
\170
\171
\172
\173
\174
\175
\176
\177
&nbsp;
&iexcl;
&cent;
&pound;
&curren;
&yen;
&brvbar;
&sect;
&uml;
&copy;
&ordf;
&laquo;
&not;
&shy;
&reg;
&macr;
&deg;
&plusmn;
&sup2;
&sup3;
&acute;
&micro;
&para;
&middot;
&cedil;
&sup1;
&ordm;
&raquo;
&frac14;
&frac12;
&frac34;
&iquest;
 
¡
¢
£
¤
¥
¦
§
¨
©
ª
«
¬
­
®
¯
°
±
²
³
´
µ

·
¸
¹
º
»
¼
½
¾
¿
\240
\241
\242
\243
\244
\245
\246
\247
\250
\251
\252
\253
\254
\255
\256
\257
\260
\261
\262
\263
\264
\265
\266
\267
\270
\271
\272
\273
\274
\275
\276
\277
&Agrave;
&Aacute;
&Acirc;
&Atilde;
&Auml;
&Aring;
&AElig;
&Ccedil;
&Egrave;
&Eacute;
&Ecirc;
&Euml;
&Igrave;
&Iacute;
&Icirc;
&Iuml;
&ETH;
&Ntilde;
&Ograve;
&Oacute;
&Ocirc;
&Otilde;
&Ouml;
&times;
&Oslash;
&Ugrave;
&Uacute;
&Ucirc;
&Uuml;
&Yacute;
&THORN;
&szlig;
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
È
É
Ê
Ë
Ì
Í
Î
Ï
Ð
Ñ
Ò
Ó
Ô
Õ
Ö
×
Ø
Ù
Ú
Û
Ü
Ý
Þ
ß
\300
\301
\302
\303
\304
\305
\306
\307
\310
\311
\312
\313
\314
\315
\316
\317
\320
\321
\322
\323
\324
\325
\326
\327
\330
\331
\332
\333
\334
\335
\336
\337
&agrave;
&aacute;
&acirc;
&atilde;
&auml;
&aring;
&aelig;
&ccedil;
&egrave;
&eacute;
&ecirc;
&euml;
&igrave;
&iacute;
&icirc;
&iuml;
&eth;
&ntilde;
&ograve;
&oacute;
&ocirc;
&otilde;
&ouml;
&divide;
&oslash;
&ugrave;
&uacute;
&ucirc;
&uuml;
&yacute;
&thorn;
&yuml;
à
á
â
ã
ä
å
æ
ç
è
é
ê
ë
ì
í
î
ï
ð
ñ
ò
ó
ô
õ
ö
÷
ø
ù
ú
û
ü
ý
þ
ÿ
\340
\341
\342
\343
\344
\345
\346
\347
\350
\351
\352
\353
\354
\355
\356
\357
\360
\361
\362
\363
\364
\365
\366
\367
\370
\371
\372
\373
\374
\375
\376
\377



128-159  non-SGML characters
UTF-8 encoding table and Unicode characters 


<FONT FACE="symbol">X</FONT>

Caveat: The true display at the user's end will depend on the browser settings and version. The reader should also be aware that this method (which I do not use on my own pages) is stringently opposed on valid factual grounds, often with an emotional component creeping into the debate.
32-63 64-95 96-127 160-191 192-223 234-255
  32
! ! 33
" " 34
# # 35
$ $ 36
% % 37
&amp; & 38
' ' 39
( ( 40
) ) 41
* * 42
+ + 43
, , 44
- - 45
. . 46
/ / 47
0 0 48
1 1 49
2 2 50
3 3 51
4 4 52
5 5 53
6 6 54
7 7 55
8 8 56
9 9 57
: : 58
; ; 59
&lt; < 60
= = 61
&gt; > 62
? ? 63
@ @ 64
A A 65
B B 66
C C 67
D D 68
E E 69
F F 70
G G 71
H H 72
I I 73
J J 74
K K 75
L L 76
M M 77
N N 78
O O 79
P P 80
Q Q 81
R R 82
S S 83
T T 84
U U 85
V V 86
W W 87
X X 88
Y Y 89
Z Z 90
[ [ 91
\ \ 92
] ] 93
^ ^ 94
_ _ 95
` ` 96
a a 97
b b 98
c c 99
d d 100
e e 101
f f 102
g g 103
h h 104
i i 105
j j 106
k k 107
l l 108
m m 109
n n 110
o o 111
p p 112
q q 113
r r 114
s s 115
t t 116
u u 117
v v 118
w w 119
x x 120
y y 121
z z 122
{ { 123
| | 124
} } 125
~ ~ 126
&nbsp;   160
&iexcl; ¡ 161
&cent; ¢ 162
&pound; £ 163
&curren; ¤ 164
&yen; ¥ 165
&brvbar; ¦ 166
&sect; § 167
&uml; ¨ 168
&copy; © 169
&ordf; ª 170
&laquo; « 171
&not; ¬ 172
&shy; ­ 173
&reg; ® 174
&macr; ¯ 175
&deg; ° 176
&plusmn; ± 177
&sup2; ² 178
&sup3; ³ 179
&acute; ´ 180
&micro; µ 181
&para; 182
&middot; · 183
&cedil; ¸ 184
&sup1; ¹ 185
&ordm; º 186
&raquo; » 187
&frac14; ¼ 188
&frac12; ½ 189
&frac34; ¾ 190
&iquest; ¿ 191
&Agrave; À 192
&Aacute; Á 193
&Acirc; Â 194
&Atilde; Ã 195
&Auml; Ä 196
&Aring; Å 197
&AElig; Æ 198
&Ccedil; Ç 199
&Egrave; È 200
&Eacute; É 201
&Ecirc; Ê 202
&Euml; Ë 203
&Igrave; Ì 204
&Iacute; Í 205
&Icirc; Î 206
&Iuml; Ï 207
&ETH; Ð 208
&Ntilde; Ñ 209
&Ograve; Ò 210
&Oacute; Ó 211
&Ocirc; Ô 212
&Otilde; Õ 213
&Ouml; Ö 214
&times; × 215
&Oslash; Ø 216
&Ugrave; Ù 217
&Uacute; Ú 218
&Ucirc; Û 219
&Uuml; Ü 220
&Yacute; Ý 221
&THORN; Þ 222
&szlig; ß 223
&agrave; à 224
&aacute; á 225
&acirc; â 226
&atilde; ã 227
&auml; ä 228
&aring; å 229
&aelig; æ 230
&ccedil; ç 231
&egrave; è 232
&eacute; é 233
&ecirc; ê 234
&euml; ë 235
&igrave; ì 236
&iacute; í 237
&icirc; î 238
&iuml; ï 239
&eth; ð 240
&ntilde; ñ 241
&ograve; ò 242
&oacute; ó 243
&ocirc; ô 244
&otilde; õ 245
&ouml; ö 246
&divide; ÷ 247
&oslash; ø 248
&ugrave; ù 249
&uacute; ú 250
&ucirc; û 251
&uuml; ü 252
&yacute; ý 253
&thorn; þ 254
&yuml; ÿ 255

Further information including critical comments:
 
<FONT FACE> considered harmful
Using FONT FACE to extend repertoire? Criticism by A.J.Flavell
Character set by Jukka Korpela
Characters and Fonts on Dan's Web Tips
1.4. How do I get a so-and-so character in my HTML? Web Design Group
ISO 8859-1 character set overview Web Design Group
ISO 8879-1986 Latin 1 (A text file)
Language, Charset, and Internationalized Websites « the whole shebang
Character entity references in HTML 4
A Brief History of Character Codes by Steven J. Searle
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Infiltration Tom Jennings
Web Authoring FAQ Web Design Group
SYMBOLS.com online encyclopedia of graphic symbols
Eurooppalaisen merkistön merkkien suomenkieliset nimet (in Finnish)
Suomen kielen kirjoittaminen Unicodea käyttäen (in Finnish)
Some further HTML related links 
How to convert a file written in IBM PC characters into LATIN1 in Windows command-line programming? 

My own comment: This page and the entries on it pass W3C HTML 4.01 validation. However, if one wants to be absolutely sure that a special character outside the standard set is displayed the way the writer intends, it is best to draw the symbols as .gif or similar images. For example I have used much that technique in those of my scientific publications, which are available on the net. And even this solution will pose problems on text based browsers, such as Lynx. There is no universal solution.
 
For a record of inbreeding, hostile reactions to the existence of the current page, culminating in ad hominem insinuations of a lack of intelligence in the author of the current page (yours truly), and other personal unpleasantries, enter Google's Advanced Groups Search. Enter "ISO Latin 1 Character Entries" (no quotes) into the "Find messages: with the exact phrase" field, and "comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html" (no quotes) into the "Return only messages from the newsgroup". Select "Sort by date". Or simply click here.
[home#tsfaq] [home#tsfaq]
C:\_G\WWW\~ELISANET\INFO\latin1.html
C:\_G\WWW\~ELISANET\FTPCMD\TSALMI.CMD /latin1
http://www.elisanet.fi/tsalmi/info/latin1.html
file:///c:/_g/www/~elisanet/info/latin1.html