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190 cm both

The Hr1 wheel is 1900 mm high
as am I

Location: Haapamäki, Finland
Visited: 27 September 1997

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The Wonderful World of Vehicles
by Kurt Ristniemi

The 1005
'Ukko-Pekka'
Hr1 Class Passenger Express
Steam Locomotive
of the
Finnish State Railways

by

LOKOMO
Oy Lokomo Ab

Page created 5 October 1997
Last updated 14.08.2005
© Kurt Ristniemi, 1997 - 2002

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Model: Hr1 Passenger Train Steam Locomotive, 'Ukko-Pekka'
Built by: Lokomo Oy, Finland, 1940.
Wheel arrangement: 2-3-1 or
4-6-2 or
2'C1'-2'2'T or
Pacific
Power: 1 591 hp
Steam pressure: 15 kg/cm2
Coal capacity: 9 000 kg
Water capacity: 27 m3
Tractive effort: 11 610 kg
Max. load at 1:80: 550 000 kg
Max. speed: 110 kmh
Operating weight with tender: 93 000 + 62 000 kg
Length: 22,25 m


All the 21 Hr1's
1001 - 1002 Lokomo 1937
1000,
1003 - 1005
Lokomo 1939-40
1006 - 1011 Lokomo 1948-49
1012 - 1019 Tampella 1955
1020 - 1021 Lokomo 1957

In September 1997 just about 40 old steam locomotives of the Finnish State Railways stand abandoned and rusting away on the Haapamäki trainyard in Central Finland. One of the most interesting ones is the Hr1 class locomotive number 1005.

The 1005 rusting away
The 1005 in September 1997

The 'P1' or 'Hr1' class

The 1005 is rather an early example of the largest passenger express steam locomotive class ever built in Finland. She is a heavy weight giant in Finnish scale. In early '30s The Finnish State Railways needed longer and faster passenger trains. So in 1932-1936 drawings were made for a new heavy express locomotive. The new class was called 'P1'. Later in 1942 the classification was altered to 'Hr1':

H
r
1
Henkilö
raskas
sarja
Passenger
heavy
series

The first two locomotives were equipped with tenders for 7 000 kg of coal. For the second lot the capasity was increased to 9 000 kg. 

Ukko-Pekka

The 'P1' or later 'Hr1' class was affectionately called 'Ukko-Pekka' or 'Grandpa Peter' after the Finnish president of those days, 'Ukko-Pekka' P. E. Svinhuvud. The nickname stood for greatness and power.

The first trip
"A new express train up north on her first journey"
Hufvudstadsbladet 3 January 1938
The 1001 in Helsinki heading for Oulu
(with no smoke deflectors!)

A War Baby

The first two P1's (1001 and 1002) were ordered in 1936 and delivered in 1937. In 1938 four more engines were ordered, numbers 1000, 1003, 1004 and our baby, the 1005. But then came the famous Finnish Winter War, and the locomotives were somewhat delayed.

The 1005 as new
The 1005 in her active days

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  The Hayday

In the '50s
A rare original color photo from the '50s: 1013 ready to leave the Helsinki station.
Photo by Kauko Kuosma

In their prime time the Hr1 locomotives were the flagships of the Finnish Railways. They hauled long express trains up and down the 1 000 km long country.

Still in the '60s the Hr1's run an average of a bit under 10 000 km a month. Especially the last two engines (1920 and 1921) with roller bearings were reliable haulers. These two carried the nickname 'Rulla-Pekka' or 'Roller-Peter'. These two are easily recognized by their smaller Witte-type smoke deflectors. The older ones were equipped with larger Wagner deflectors.

Towards Rovaniemi
The 1000 leaving Helsinki for Rovaniemi in June 1964
Photo by Pekka Honkanen

  Burn baby burn: coal, logs, oil

The fat log chimney
The first Hr1 1001, here with a log chimney in Helsinki in July 1947.
Photo by Matti Malminsalo

Originally the 1005 was built for coal, but like some of her sisters she was burning birch logs most of the year 1945 after the war. At that time her slim coal chimney was replaced by the fat log chimney.

But the 1005 was the only Hr1 class locomotive that was ever altered for burning oil. For a while oil price was low when compared to coal. So the 1005 was burning oil for two years from february 1948 to february 1950.

  The Kuurila crash in 1957

After the collision
Laying on her right side after the collision

Dm4 Diesel Motor Car
A Dm4 Diesel Motor Car

The 1005 is not just any one of the 'Ukko-Pekka' class locomotives. She has a sad reputation for her collision near Kuurila in March 1957.

Map of Kuurila - Iittala track
Map: The Railroad Transportation Net, 1962

The 1005 was pulling the P64 express from north to Helsinki. Between Kuurila and Iittala she hit the north bound MP41 express hauled by a Dm4 diesel motor car.

The delicate motor car was splattered into splinters and 28 people were killed and 19 injured. The 1005 suffered considerably less damage. She was put back on the track and taken to Hyvinkää for reparation.

The Kuurila crash was the worst peace time railroad accident ever in Finland even to this day.

   
  Lesser jobs for the Hr1, and the dying out of steam
 

In the '60s the 1005 was stationed in Helsinki, where the Hr1's were hauling extra fast trains while diesels hauled the regular ones. Later on only saturday extras were given to the steamers and finally only local trains to Riihimäki.

The last regular Hr1 train from Helsinki was drawn by 1002 in 30. May 1970.

The last official passenger steam train was drawn by Hr1 1020 from Pieksämäki to Kouvola in 22. May 1971.

Due to lack of tractive resources the roller bearing Hr1s 1020 and 1021 returned to haul local trains in the spring 1974 between Vaasa and Seinäjoki.

All regular work with steam engines by the Finnish State Railways was ended 30.9.1975.

  Stored for crisis
  When steam engines finally were replaced by diesel engines, the old steam locomotives were stored at Lievestuore military depot near Haapamäki to be used during crisis, when diesel oil would be hard to come by. The engines were packaged and protected against rusting and weather. And they stood there ever since, until...

In 1981 Hr1 1004 was restored to find out how the engines had managed the long wait. It was used for museal runs and private trains till August 1990 when its kettle time was up once again. It was then hauled cold to Haapamäki.

 

  Restored Hr1's reliving

1009 in Helsinki in '95
1009 of the Steam Traction Limited
in Helsinki in July 1995
Photo by Marco van Uden

The new born Rulla-Pekka
Rulla-Pekka 1021 in 1996
Notice the Witte-type smoke deflectors.
Photo by Timo-Pekka Lange

Some of the Hr1's have gained new lives:

1008 and 1016 were sold to England with several other types of steam engines in 1990.

1009 is owned by British enthusiasts or Steam Traction Ltd. It was inspected at Pieksämäki after restauration in England in April 1993. 

The roller bearing 1021 was restaured by Finnish enthusiasts and it was inspected for traffic at Pasila depot in Helsinki in May 1996.

Both 1009 and 1021 locomotives run nostalgia trips and festival trips. I in the summer of 1996 on sundays the 1009 ran a regular route Helsinki - Toijala - Helsinki. In the summer of 1997 she ran only 3 scheduled rides Helsinki - Karjaa - Helsinki.

It is possible to rent them with passenger cars for private trips, films, advertisements etc...

  Scrapping in silence

Abandoned to fade away
On the Haapamäki trainyard in September 1997

In the 1990s the crisis store was abandoned when it was obvious that the engines were rusting and that they no longer could be used in possible crisis. The last 27 engines were hauled to Haapamäki trainyard in 26. May 1991. Four Hr1s were among them.

At Haapamäki the engines are free for all to inspect and they are for sale. Unfortunately the State Railways also started scrapping the locomotives in silence. This to my mind was not exactly a culturally heroic deed. Only after strong protests they gave up the scrapping.

Now rusting away unless you buy her

Now (1997) the 1005 is standing abandoned on the Haapamäki trainyard with fourty other steam engines quietly rusting away getting no protection against weather or vandalism. But they are now for sale.

 

Photographs without credits:
- B/W: Valtionrautatiet 1937-1962
- Color: Kurt Ristniemi
  • Many thanks to Antero Alku for his help on revising the page. (28.12.1997)
  • 13.1.2000 update: Later jobs, restored Hr1s.
  • 14.11.2001 update: coal capasity change, smoke deflectors.

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