GERMAN LAND FORCES
IN NORTHERN FINLAND AND NORWAY
22.6.1941 - 14.1.1942

 

 

     

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ARMEE-OBERKOMMANDO NORWEGEN
(A.O.K. Norwegen)

Stab

Oslo (Norway)
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Befehlstelle Finnland
(Befehlsstab Finnland)

Rovaniemi

Advanced command HQ in Finland was activated on 11.6.1941.
 
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Oberbefehlshaber Generaloberst Nikolaus von Falkenhorst
Chef des Generalstabes Oberst /
Generalmajor
(1.8.1941)
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Erich Buschenhagen
Finnish Liaison Officer Col. O. Willamo

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German Commander-in-Chief in Finland was Generaloberst Nikolaus von Falkenhorst photographed with his Chief of Staff Oberst Erich Buschenhagen (on the left). The date and place are not mentioned but this photo most likely was taken prior to the Barbarossa in June 1941 (but anyway before 1.8.1941) probably in Kursunkijärvi (near Rovaniemi), Finland. (SA-kuva 120474)

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Units
Name (and Abbreviation)
(Name in English), Notes
Kommandeur / Chef
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Rank Name
Stabstruppen
Organic HQ troops were mainly in Norway.
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Armeetruppen / AOK Norwegen:

Nachrichten-Regiments-Stab z.b.V. 635
Parts only. Mostly in Norway.
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Armeetruppen / Befehlstelle Finland:

Kommandant des rückwärtigen Armeegebiets (Korück) Ostkarelien
Formed on 10.9.1941 for Befehlstelle Finnland.
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Kommandeur der Eisenbahn-Truppen (Kodeis) 463 (mot.)

5./II./Eisenbahn-Pionier-Regiment 2 (teil-mot.)

8./II./Eisenbahn-Pionier-Regiment 2 (teil-mot.)

4./I./Eisenbahn-Pionier-Regiment 4 (teil-mot.)

156. Eisenbahn-Fernkabel-Bau-Kompanie
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Nachrichten-Regiment z.b.V. 550 (mot.)

(Korps-)Nachrichten-Abteilung 467 (mot.)

Nachrichten-Abteilung z.b.V. 644 (mot.)

Nachrichten-Abteilung z.b.V. 695 (mot.)
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Armee-Nachschubführer 463

Kraftfahr-Kompanie

2. kleine Kraftwagen-Kolonne

3. große Kraftwagen-Kolonne

Kraftwagen-Nachschubstaffel für Ersatzteile
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1./Kriegslazarett-Abteilung 521 (mot.)

1./Armee-Feldlazarett 552 (mot.)

Armee-Feldlazarett 617 (mot.)

Armee-Feldlazarett 642 (mot.)
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Armee-Sanitätspark 512

3./Kranken-Transport-Abteilung 706 (mot.)

Lazarettzug

Kranken-Kraftwagen-Zug 508

Kranken-Kraftwagen-Zug 516

Kranken-Kraftwagen-Zug 637

? z.b.V.

? 517

? 519
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Bäckerei-Kompanie 663 (mot.)

Schlächterei-Kompanie 645 (mot.)
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Feldpostamt 436 (mot.)

Feldpostamt z.b.V. 537
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Landesschützen-Bataillon 809
Stab, 1. and 2. Kompanie only.
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Feldgendarmerie-Trupp z.b.V. 571 (mot.)
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Stammlager (Stalag) 302

Stammlager (Stalag) 322
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Subordinated Luftwaffe units.
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Oberst
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Generalleutnant

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Willi Heinrich
(acting 10.9.- 8.11.41)

Iwan Heunert
(23.10.41-)

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TROOPS FROM NORTH TO SOUTH

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Gebirgs-Armeekorps Norwegen
(Geb.-AK Norwegen)

Petsamo (Lapland) and river Litza area (USSR)

Strength (29.6.1941): 65.000 men (+ 9.000 horses).
Started offensive on 29.6.1941.
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Kommandierender General
General der Gebirgstruppen Eduard Dietl
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Stab

Chef des Generalstabes
Oberstleutnant / Oberst i.G.(1.12.1941) Karl von Le Suire

Generalstabsoffizier (Ia)
Hauptmann i.G. / Major i.G.(?) Kurt Busch (10.5.41 -)
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Units
Name (and Abbreviation)
(Name in English),
Notes
Kommandeur / Chef
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Rank Name
Stabstruppen
Organic HQ troops.

Korpstruppen:

Korps-Nachrichten-Abteilung 463
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Korps-Nachschubführer 477

Stab
1. kleine Kraftwagen-Kolonne
2. kleine Kraftwagen-Kolonne
3. kleine Kraftwagen-Kolonne
1. Tragtier-Kolonne 21
2. Tragtier-Kolonne 22
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Gebirgs-Träger-Bataillon 55
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Subordinated troops:

(verstärktes) Infanterie-Regiment 388 (22.8.1941 -)
(verst.I.R.388 / 214.I.D.)
Lacked its own 15. (Pionier-)Kompanie but was reinforced with
2./Pionier-Bataillon 214 (2./Pi.Btl.214)

I. Abteilung / Feld-Artillerie-Regiment 214 (I./F.A.R.214) (22.8.1941 -)
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SS-Infanterie-Regiment 9 (mot.) (?.7. - ?.1941)
(SS-I.R.9 (mot.))

Maschinengewehr-Bataillon 4 (MG.Btl.4) (?.7. - ?.1941)

Maschinengewehr-Bataillon 14 (MG.Btl.14)
Defended the northern flank of Geb.-AK Norwegen at Kalastajasaarento (Rybachi)
peninsula.
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1./Panzer-Abteilung z.b.V. 40 (Until 30.9.1941 only.)
(1./Pz.Abt.z.b.V.40)
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Panzer-Abwehr-Abteilung 463 (Uncertain if was assigned.)
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schwere Feld-Artillerie-Abteilung 730 (s.Art.Abt.730)
[12x 10.5cm (t) cannon]
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1./Feld-Artillerie-Abteilung 477 [4x 12cm (n) howitzer]
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I./Flak-Regiment 5 (-) (Two light 20 mm batteries only.)
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Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Abteilung 498

Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Batterie 885 Ristiniemi
[?x 15.5cm (f) cannon]

Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Batterie 999 ?
[?x 15.5cm (f) cannon]
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Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Abteilung 504

Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Batterie 546 ?
[?x 10.5cm (p) cannon]

Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Batterie 558 ?
[?x 10.5cm (p) cannon]

Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Batterie 562 ?
[?x 10.5cm (f) cannon]

Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Batterie 862 ?
[?x 15.5cm (p) cannon]

9./Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Abteilung 111 ?
[?x 10.5cm (p) cannon]
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+ 2x coastal battery [21cm how.] ?
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Bau-Pionier-Bataillon 505

(RAD) Reichs-Arbeitsdienst-Abteilung K363
A total of 12 work service detachments.
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Oberst
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SS-Ostubaf.
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Hauptmann
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von Ledebur
(10.41-)
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Ernst Deutsch
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von Burstin
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36. Rajajääkärikomppania (36.Rj.K)
(36th Border Guard Jäger Company)
Also known as 1st Border Guard Jäger Company Petsamo. Secured the northern
flank of Geb.-AK Norwegen at
Kalastajasaarento (Rybachi) peninsula.

?. Rajajääkärikomppania (?.Rj.K) (7.1941 - ?)
(?th Border Guard Jäger Company)
Formed in July 1941. Also known as Border Guard Jäger Company Tuuri and
2nd Border Guard Jäger Company Petsamo.

Petsamon patteri (Petsamo Battery) [4x 76 RK/27]
Subordinated to 36.Rj.K.
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Capt.
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Lt.
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Lt.

M. Tiitola
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?. Tuuri (?)
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K. Tähtelä

Jalkaväkirykmentti 14 [-III] (JR 14) (11.7. - 13.9.1941)
(Infantry Regiment 14 [without III Btl.])
At the beginning of July 1941 was moved from Åland Islands and subordinated
to Geb.-AK Norwegen for the defence of
Kalastajasaarento (Rybachi) peninsula.
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Col. L. Hannelius (11.7.-13.9.41)
2. Gebirgs-Division (2.Geb.D.)
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Generalmajor Ernst Schlemmer
3. Gebirgs-Division (3.Geb.D.)

Subordinated troops:

233. Krad-Bataillon / 199.I.D.
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Generalmajor Hans Kreysing
Erillisosasto P (Er.Os.P)
(Separate Detachment P) [P = Petsamo or Pennanen]
Subordinated to secure the southern flank of Geb.-AK Norwegen and a wide gap
between it and XXXVI.AK.
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Maj. A. Pennanen

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Höheres Kommando z.b.V. XXXVI
known as
XXXVI. Armeekorps
(XXXVI.AK)

Salla area (Lapland)

Strength (6.1941): .000 men.
Started offensive on 1.7.1941.
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Kommandierender General
General der Kavallerie Hans Feige
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Stab

Chef des Generalstabes
Oberst i.G. Heinrich Burggraf und Graf zu Dohna und Schlobitten

Generalstabsoffizier (Ia)
Major i.G. Wessel Freytag von Loringhofen (- ?.12.41)
Major i.G. Friedrich Übelhack (?.12.41 -)

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Leading officers of the German XXXVI Army Corps and the Finnish 6th Division somewhere on Salla sector, Finnish Lapland in the summer 1941 (from the left): unknown Finnish Major (?), German Chief of Staff Oberst Heinrich Burggraf und Graf zu Dohna und Schlobitten, Finnish Commander Colonel W. Viikla and German Commander General der Kavallerie Hans Feige. The exact date and place are not mentioned in the information given for this photo. (SA-kuva 119410)

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Units
Name (and Abbreviation)
(Name in English),
Notes
Kommandeur / Chef
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Rank Name
Stabstruppen
Organic HQ troops.
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Korpstruppen:

Artillerie-Kommandeur (Arko) 109
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Korps-Nachrichten-Abteilung 436

Korps-Nachschubführer 436
(So far no information on sub-units.)

Gebirgs-Träger-Bataillon 56
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Subordinated troops:

Höherer Offizier der Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie 150
A large HQ formation intended to lead subordinated artillery.

schwere Artillerie-Abteilung 496

Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Batterie 985
[?x 10,5 cm (f) cannon]

Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Batterie 986
[?x 10,5 cm (f) cannon]
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(Beute-)Panzer-Abteilung 211 (Pz.Abt.211)

Panzer-Abteilung z.b.V. 40 (Pz.Abt.z.b.V. 40)
Without 1. & 3. Panzer-Kompanie.
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Maschinengewehr-Bataillon 4 (MG.Btl.4)
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Oberst
Oberst
Oberst
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Major

Oberstleutnant
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Oberstleutnant

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Wilhelm Raithel (-1.4.42)
Willi Heinrich
(15.4.42-)
Frh. Adrian van der Hoop
(12.9.43-?.6.44)

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H. Wolf

Klaus von Heimendahl
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Wilhelm Braun

169. Infanterie-Division (169.I.D.)

Subordinated Finnish troops:

16. Rajajääkärikomppania (16.Rj.K)
(16th Border Guard Jäger Company)

26. Rajajääkärikomppania (26.Rj.K)
(26th Border Guard Jäger Company)
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Generalmajor

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Capt.
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Capt.

Kurt Dittmar

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M. Keränen
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V. Seppälä

SS-Kampfgruppe "Nord" (SS-KGr."Nord")
Initially called as SS-Kampfgruppe "Nord" because was incomplete when arrived
in Finland. A well-equipped but poorly trained inexperienced motorized brigade
failed in its first battles and was gradually moved to Kiestinki region since July 1941
where started using its intended name SS-Division "Nord" (mot.).
Completely moved during September 1941.

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SS-Brigadeführer
(u. Generamajor
der Waffen-SS)
Karl-Maria Demelhuber
6. Divisioona (6.D)
(6th Division)

Subordinated Finnish troops:

35. Rajajääkärikomppania (35.Rj.K)
(35th Frontier Jäger Company)

46. Rajajääkärikomppania (46.Rj.K)
(46th Frontier Jäger Company)

Linnoituspatteristo Myntti (Lin.Psto Myntti)
(Fortress Artillery Battalion Myntti) [8x 120 K/78]
Acted also as a temporary IV Artillery Battalion / Field Artillery Regiment 14
(IV/KTR 14) of 6.D with two batteries. Was equipped most of the time with guns
without recoil system.

Erillinen Linnoituskomppania (Er.Lin.K)
(Separate Fortress Company)

Linnoitusrakennuspataljoona 571 (Lin.Rak.P 571)
(Fortress Construction Battalion 571)
Constructed roads.

Linnoitusrakennuspataljoona 572 (Lin.Rak.P 572)
(Fortress Construction Battalion 572)
Constructed roads.

Linnoitusrakennuspataljoona 573 (Lin.Rak.P 573)
(Fortress Construction Battalion 573)
Constructed roads.
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Col.
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Capt.
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Lt.
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Capt.
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Mil.Official
Lt.(Grad.Eng.)
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Mil.Official
Capt.
Lt.(Grad.Eng.)

2Lt.(Grad.Eng.)
Mil.Official

W. Viikla (former Viklund)
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K. Breitholz
(without Chief 7.41-)

O. Olkku
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V. Myntti
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E. Merisalo
K. Helminen
(?.12.41-)
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E. Puranen
T. Bredenberg
(?.41-)
K. Helminen
(?.-6.12.41)

K. Helminen
V. Arha
(?.-6.12.41)

163. Infanterie-Division (163.I.D.)
* About 1/3 of the division was moved to assist troops of XXXVI.AK during June 1941.
Divisionsstab and about 2/3 of its troops were subordinated to Finnish Karelian
Army
(Kar.A) and later VI Army Corps (VI AK) north from Lake Ladoga until
June 1942.

These units were corps troops (Korpstruppe):

Infanterie-Regiment 324 (I.R.324)
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Sumpf-Bataillon (S-Btl.)
Was moved to Finnish III AK.

2. Pionier-Kompanie / Pionier-Bataillon 234 (2./Pi.Btl.234)

III. Abteilung / Feld-Artillerie-Regiment 234 (III./F.A.R.234) [12x 10.5cm leFH 16]
Horse-drawn.
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(Generalleutnant)
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Oberst
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Oberst

Major
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Hauptmann

(Erwin Engelbrecht) *
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Hellmuth Nickelman
(discharged for incompetence)
Hermann Fischer
(27.8.41-)

Gerhard von Ludowig
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J. Schneider ?

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III Armeijakunta (III AK)
(III Army Corps)

Kuusamo - Suomussalmi area,
later Kiestinki - Uhtua area (Northern Finland)

Started offensive on 1.7.1941.
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Komentaja / Commander
Maj.Gen.
 Hj. Siilasvuo
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Esikunta (III AKE)
(HQ)

Taivalkoski , ?.7.1941- Kananainen, 14.8.1941- Kiestinki (advanced command post)

Esikuntapäällikkö / Chief of Staff
Col. V. Oinonen

Strength (6.1941): .000 men

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German Oberbefehlshaber der A.O.K. "Norwegen" Generaloberst Nikolaus von Falkenhorst has arrived to a visit in the HQ / (Finnish) III Army Corps (III AKE) at Majalampi, Taivalkoski on 24.6.1941. Commander of III AK Maj.Gen. Hjalmar Siilasvuo walking on the right and his Chief of Staff Colonel Väinö Oinonen on the left welcomed von Falkernhorst. His personnel car and driver with two German officers are on the background. Note also the eager Finnish cinematographer on the outermost left. (SA-kuva 20783)
Finns didn't like the pompous von Falkenhorst who had difficulties in understanding the sometimes informal and unsoldierlike behaviour and appearance of the Finnish reservists, even after the Germans had met with a far worse success than Finnish troops. His relationships to high Finnish officers and especially to Finnish C-in-C Field Marshal Mannerheim remained cold and formal.

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Units
Name (and Abbreviation)
(Name in English),
Notes
Commander / Chief / Leader
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Rank Name
Esikuntajoukot / HQ units
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Corps troops and subordinated units:

Raskas patteristo 16 (Rask.Psto 16)
(Heavy Artillery Battalion 16) [12 - 105 K/29]
Motorized.

151. Ilmatorjuntakonekiväärikomppania (151.It.KKK)
(151st Anti-Aircraft MG Company) [12x 20 mm Breda]

151. Kevyt ilmatorjuntapatteri (151.Kev.It.Ptri)
(151st Light Anti-Aircraft Battery) [4x 40 mm Bofors]

152. Kevyt ilmatorjuntapatteri (152.Kev.It.Ptri)
(152nd Light Anti-Aircraft Battery) [4x 40 mm Bofors]

153. Kevyt ilmatorjuntapatteri (153.Kev.It.Ptri)
(153rd Light Anti-Aircraft Battery) [4x 40 mm Bofors]

Viestipataljoona 13 (VP 13)
(Signals Battalion 13)

Pioneeripataljoona 15 (Pion.P 15)
(Engineer Battalion 15)
Since 17.7.1941 had only two engineer companies.

12. Pioneerivarastokomppania (12.Pion.Var.K)
(12th Engineer Depot Company)

2. Siltakomppania (2.SiltaK)
(2nd Brigde Company)

4. Siltakomppania (4.SiltaK)
(4th Bridge Company)
Since July 1941.

5. Siltakomppania (5.SiltaK)
(5th Bridge Company)

8. Tienhoitokomppania (8.TienHK)
(8th Road Maintenance Company)

9. Tienhoitokomppania (9.TienHK)
(9th Road Maintenance Company)
Since 6.7.1941. On 7.7. subordinated to Group J.

2. Aurauskomppania (2.Aur.K)
(2nd Ploughing Company)
Subordinated to Group J.

Linnoitusrakennuspataljoona 561 (Lin.Rak.P 561)
(Fortress Construction Battalion 561)
Constructed roads and field fortifications.

Corps supply troops.
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Reserves of III AK:

Sissipataljoona 3 (SissiP 3) (-)
(Sissi Battalion 3)
Corps troops of III AK. Parts belonged to Group F. Subordinated to Group F
on 12.7.1941. Subordinated to Group J on 16.8.1941 and arrived on 18./19.8.
Subordinated to Germans on ?.9.1941.
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9. Tykkikomppania (9.Tyk.K)
(9th [AT] Gun Company)
Motorized. Subordinated to Sissi Battalion 3 (SissiP 3).

11. Tykkikomppania (11.Tyk.K)
(11th [AT] Gun Company)
Motorized.

Jalkaväkirykmentti 32 (JR 32) (-II P)
(Infantry Regiment 32) (without II Battalion)
Subordinated to Group F on 12.7.1941.

II / Jalkaväkirykmentti 12 (II/JR 12) (29.6.1941 -)
(II Battalion / Infantry Regiment 12)
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Capt.
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Lt.
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Lt.
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Maj.
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Lt.
Lt./Capt.
(27.8.41)
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Lt.
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Lt.(Eng.)
Capt.

Capt.(Eng.)
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Capt.(Eng.)
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Capt.(Eng.)
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Lt.
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Lt./Capt.(41)
Mil.Official (Eng.)
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Maj./Lt.Col.
(11.9.41)
Capt.
Capt.
Maj.
Maj.

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Lt.Col.
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Maj.

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U. Lepikkö
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E. Puputti
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H. Mäkäräinen
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H. Lehos
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J. Lumatjärvi
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N. Simpainen
E. Pyyry
(27.7.41-)
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O. Meurman
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G. Lax
M. Leppävirta
(8.41-)

M. Väre (7.41-)
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E. Tukiainen
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U. Lunnas
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A. Pokki
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M. Rautapää
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J. Favorin (?.41, ?.-15.12.41)
Y. Pitkänen
(?.-?.41)
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L. Könönen (-18.9.41 WIA)
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V. Karhunen
(23.9.41-)
J. Matinolli (acting 13.10.41-)
H. Jussila
(17.10.-7.11.41 KIA)
R. Reunanen
(8.11.41-)

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A. Vuokko
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A. Koskimaa

Ryhmä J Kuusamo (17.6. - 17.8.1941)
(Group J)
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Komentajan apulainen / Commander's Assistant

Esikuntapäällikkö / Chief of Staff
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Group J was renamed on 17.8.1941:
Divisioona J (Div.J) (17.8.1941 -)
(Division J)

Jalkaväkirykmentti 53 (JR 53)
(Infantry Regiment 53)
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(* posthumously)

2. Jääkärikomppania / Kevyt osasto 5 (2.Jääk.K/Kev.Os.5)
(2nd Jäger Company / Light Detachment 5)
Reinforced with one Border Guard jäger platoon. Company secured the southern
flank of Group J and a gap between Group J and F.

II / Kenttätykistörykmentti 16 (II/KTR 16)
(II Artillery Battalion / Field Artillery Regiment 16)
[8 - 75 K/40 Arg, 4 - 122 H/10-30]

Subordinated Finnish units:

Linnoituspataljoona 15 (Lin.P 15)
(Fortress Battalion 15)
Initially in reserve of Group J.

35. Rajajääkärikomppania (35.Rj.K) (- joukkue)
(35th Border Guard Jäger Company) (without one platoon)
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Linnoituspatteristo 6 (Lin.Psto 6)
(Fortress Artillery Battalion 6)
[2/4 - 90 K/77, 7/4 - 120 K/78, later 4 - 120 H/10-30]
Expanded from 75th Fortress Artillery Battery and had eventually three operational
batteries. Initially equipped with guns without recoil system.

Supply troops.

Subordinated German units:

Stab / Panzer-Abteilung z.b.V. 40


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Lt.Col.
Col.
Col.

Lt.Col.

Lt.Col.
Maj.
Maj.

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Col.
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Lt.Col./Col.
(30.8.41 *)

Lt.Col.
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Col.

Capt.
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Maj.
Capt./Maj.

(19.9.41)

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Capt.
Maj.
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Capt.
-
Lt.
-
Capt.
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2Lt.
Lt.

Maj.
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J. Turtola (17.6.41-)
H. Schreck (acting 8.8.41-)
V. Palojärvi (14.8.-17.8.41)

A. Somersalo (29.7.-17.8.41 KIA)

O. Selinheimo (17.6.41-)
R. Reunanen (13.7.41-)
V. Pesonius (acting 8.8.-17.8.41)

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V. Palojärvi (17.8.41-)
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J. Turtola (17.6.-13.7.41,
8.8.-29.8.41 KIA)

O. Selinheimo (acting
13.7.-8.8.41, 29.8.41-)
A. Kiira (2.9.41-)

A. Koskivirta
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J. Saikku
A. Hallonblad
(23.7.41-)
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A. Louhimaa
E. Leppäkoski
(?-)
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K. Breitholz
(without Chief 1.7.41-)
T. Seppälä (?.7.41- KIA)
? (3.8.41-)
T. Terho (19.8.-12.9.41 WIA,
?.9.-21.11., 7.12.41)
P. Tala (acting 12.9.41-)
P. Salonen (acting 12.9.41-)

T. Mäkeläinen
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SS-Kampfgruppe / Division "Nord" (mot.) (SS-KG/Div. "Nord") (7.1941 -)
Was moved gradually from Salla area since July 1941. Major parts of the division
were initially subordinated to temporary Finnish Division J. It was responsible of
its own front sector since 4.9.1941.

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SS-Brigadeführer
(u. Generalmajor
der Waffen-SS)
Karl-Maria Demelhuber
Ryhmä F Suomussalmi (17.6. - 17.8.1941)
(Group F)

Esikuntapäällikkö / Chief of Staff
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On 17.8.1941 re-named back to:
3. Divisioona (3.D) (-JR 53) (17.8.1941 -)
(3rd Division) [without Infantry Regiment 53]

Jalkaväkirykmentti 11 (JR 11)
(Infantry Regiment 11)

II / Jalkaväkirykmentti 32 (II/JR 32)
(II Battalion / Infantry Regiment 32)
Initially in reserve of Group F.

Kevyt osasto 5 (Kev.Os.5) (-2.Jääk.K)
(Light Detachment 5)
(without 2nd Jäger Company)

25. Tykkikomppania (25.Tyk.K)
(25th [AT] Gun Company)

Erillinen polkupyöräkomppania (Er.PPK/11.Pr.)
(Separate Bicycle Company /
[peace-time] 11th Brigade)
Additional separate unit. Part of the Detachment "Fossi".

Kenttätykistörykmentti 16 (KTR 16) (-II)
(Field Artillery regiment 16) (without II Artillery Battalion)

263. Ilmatorjuntakonekiväärikomppania (263.It.KKK)
(263rd Anti-Aircraft MG Company) [12x 20 mm Breda]

Supply troops.

Subordinated Finnish units:

25. Rajajääkärikomppania (25.Rj.K)
(25th Border Guard Jäger Company)
Reinforced.
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Linnoituspataljoona 14 (Lin.P 14)
(Fortress Battalion 14)
Belonged to Detachment V. Partly in reserve of Group F.

2x Erillinen linnoituskomppania (Er.Lin.K)
(Separate Fortress Company)
Belonged to Detachment N which secured the southern flank of Group F
and a gap between Group F and 14th Division (14.D).

Linnoituspatteristo Niemi (Lin.Psto Niemi)
(Fortress Artillery Battalion Niemi)
[4 - 90 K/77, 4 - 120 K/78, 3 - 155 K/77]
Artillery battalion had initially two operational batteries. Since 16.8.1941 a new
super heavy battery was formed. Initially equipped with guns without recoil system.

Viestipataljoona 31 (VP 31)
(Signals Battalion 31)

Pioneeripataljoona 34 (Pion.P 34)
(Engineer Battalion 34)

Linnoitusrakennuspataljoona 555 (Lin.Rak.P 555)
(Fortress Construction Battalion 555)
Constructed roads. Was moved later to Karelian Isthmus.

Subordinated German units:

3. Panzer-Kompanie / Panzer-Abteilung z.b.V. 40
(3./Pz.Abt.z.b.V.40)

Company was part of the Armoured Detachment W (Panssariosasto W).
On 3.7.1941 it was renamed to a fast Detachment "Fossi" (Osasto Fossi).

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Col.
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Maj.
Maj.

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Col.
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Col.
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Maj.
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Cav.Capt.
Maj.

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Lt.
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Maj./Lt.Col.
(6.8.41)

Lt.
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Lt.
2Lt.
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2Lt.

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Capt.

Capt.
Capt.
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Capt.
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Capt.
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Lt.
Lt.

Lt.(Eng.)
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Oberleutnant

U. Fagernäs (17.6.-17.8.41)
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A. Järvi (17.6.41-)
U. Tenhunen
(3.7.-17.8.41)

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U. Fagernäs (17.8.41-)
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S. Malm
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K. Wigren
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S. Talaskivi (WIA)
A. Järvi
(3.7.41-)

?
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K. Suomala
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K. E. V. Takkula
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V. Valorinta
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N. Kyander (KIA)
P. Kesti (acting 1.7.-4.7.41
WIA, ?.7.-23.7.41 KIA)

N. Kärnä (acting 4.7.-?.7.41,
23.7.41-)

V. Halonen
(?.7.41-)

?. Nortia
T. J. Jussila
(?-)
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J. Niemi
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P. Vornanen
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E. Pyyry
N. Simpainen
(27.7.41-)

E. Kinnunen
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?. Walter

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Local children have found a German soldier fond of children who let them ride on the saddle of his motorbike! Note especially the sunny smile of the lad.
This
sidecar motorcycle of 3./Panzer-Abteilung z.b.V. 40 was photographed on 1.7.1941 somewhere on the Raate road (Suomussalmi). The meaning of the large white letter "H" on front of the sidecar is unknown but it could indicate battalion commander's surname Heimendahl. (SA-kuva 21816)

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Combat Detachments of the Finnish III Army Corps (III AK) in the Summer 1941
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Ryhmä J / Group J

Detachment Westerlund

Detachment Westerlund (Osasto Westerlund) was formed on 5.7.1941. It was attached to Detachment Sintonen two days later. Detachment was led by Lt. Westerlund.

Composed of the three jäger platoons:

  • Jäger Platoon / HQ / Infantry Regiment 53 (Jääk.J/E/JR 53)

  • Jäger Platoon / II Battalion / Infantry Regiment 53 (Jääk.J./II/JR 53)

  • Jäger Platoon / III Battalion / Infantry Regiment 53 (Jääk.J./III/JR 53)

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Detachment Sintonen

Detachment Sintonen (Osasto Sintonen) was formed at the beginning of July on 7.7.1941. Detachment was led by Capt. A. Sintonen.

Composed of the following units:

  • Detachment Westerlund Lt. Westerlund

  • 2nd Jäger Company / Light Detachment 5 (2.Jääk.K/Kev.Os.5) Capt. A. Koskivirta

  • [AT] gun platoon

  • mortar platoon

  • engineer platoon

  • 2 to 3 German tanks

  • other smaller units

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Detachment Somersalo

  •  

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Ryhmä F / Group F

Armoured Detachment W [Walter]

German tanks of 3./Pz.Abt.40 formed the fast mobile force of the Group F. A few days before the attack on 27.6.1941 Commander of III Army Corps Maj.Gen. Hj. Siilasvuo visited in Raatevaara on the legendary Raate road where he discussed for example with Kompaniechef Oberleutnant Walter on the forthcoming attack.
Persons (from the left): unknown Finnish Lt.Col.,
Oblt. Walter, Commander of Group F (3rd Division) Col. U. Fagernäs, Commander of Infantry Regiment 11 Col. S. Malm (not showing his middle finger), Maj.Gen. Siilasvuo, unknown Finnish Major, German Liaison Officer Obslt. Münch, two unrecognized officers on the rear and Artillery Commander of III Army Corps Col. H. Schreck (wearing a very pale grey officers' "light summer tunic"). (SA-kuva 22280)

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On the same occasion one of the German tanks of 3./Pz.Abt.40 (early Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf. J with 5cm Kwk L/48 coded 3?5) was displayed to Finnish officers in Raatevaara by Oberleutnant Walter. Col. H. Schreck on top of the tank and Maj.Gen. Hj. Siilasvuo on the right. The decorated German Oberfeldwebel standing on the tank's rear is most likely the tank leader. (SA-kuva 22281)

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Armoured Detachment W (Panssariosasto W) was formed in late June before the offensive started. Detachment was initially held in reserve for the fast breakthrough. It was initially led by a German Oberleutnant Walter who despite of his lower rank was seen the better "expert of armoured warfare". Chief of Staff of Group F Maj. A. Järvi although took the command on 3.7.1941 and became the Commander of Light Detachment 5 (Kev.Os.5) after Cav.Capt. S. Talaskivi was wounded.

Composed of the following units:

  • 3. Pz.Kompanie / Pz.Abt.z.b.V. 40 Oberleutnant Walter

  • Light Detachment 5 (without 2nd Jäger Company) (Kev.Os.5 [-2.Jääk.K]) (until ?.7.1941)
    Cav.Capt. S. Talaskivi (WIA), 3.7.41- Maj. A. Järvi

  • [AT] gun platoon / 25th Gun Company (J/25.Tyk.K)

  • engineer platoon (Pion.J)

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Detachment Fossi

Detachment Fossi was formed on 3.7.1941. It was led by Maj. Alfons "Fossi" Järvi.

Composed of the follwing units:

  • Light Detachment 5 (without 2nd Jäger Company) (Kev.Os.5 [-2.Jääk.K]) Maj. A. Järvi

  • Armoured Detachment Walter (3./Pz.Abt.z.b.V. 40) (-III.) Oberleutnant Walter

  • Separate Bicycle Company / [peace-time] 11th Brigade (Er.PPK/11.Pr.)

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Detachment M [Malm]

Detachment M (Osasto M) was formed on 28.6.1941 for the attack at the Raate road direction (Suomussalmi). It was led by Col. S. Malm.

Composed of the following units on 1.7.1941:

  • Infantry Regiment 11 (- II Battalion)

  • 25th [AT] Gun Company (- platoon)

  • 3rd Engineer Company / Engineer Battalion 34

  • Field Artillery Regiment 16 (- II Artillery Battalion)

  • Heavy Artillery Battalion 16

  • Fortification Artillery Battalion 6

Behind the main grouping was a fast Armoured Detachment W (later Detachment Fossi). III Battalion / Infantry Regiment 11 was initially held in reserve at Parvavaara.

Detachment M attacked against Vasovaara on 1.7.1941 at 2.30 am after which the fast Detachment Fossi attacked through it in order to penetrate deep into enemy territory. The attack although advanced slowly because of the very bad condition of Soviet roads or the lack of them.

For the attack across the river Vuonninen Detachment Malm was reinforced.

Composed of the following units on 12.7.1941:

  • Infantry Regiment 11 (- II Battalion)

  • III Battalion / Infantry Regiment 32

  • 25th [AT] Gun Company

  • [AT] Gun Company / Infantry Regiment 32

  • 3rd Engineer Company / Engineer Battalion 34

  • [heavy] mortar company

Detachment was later further reinforced with Sissi Battalion 3 and Light Detachment 5. Since 26.7.1941 they were although attached to Detachment Vuokko for its attack.

Composed of the following units on 9.8.1941:

  • Infantry Regiment 11 (- II Battalion)

  • III Battalion / Infantry Regiment 32

  • Sissi Battalion 3

At the beginning of September 1941 Sissi Battalion 3 and III Battalion / Infantry Regiment 11 were moved to Division J on Kiestinki direction. On 10.10.1941 Col. S. Malm was succeeded by Lt.Col. J. Walldén. Two days later III Battalion returned back to its parent Infantry Regiment 32 at Uhtua front.

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Detachment Veijola

South from Detachment M was Detachment Veijola at Viianki. It was led by Maj. V. Veijola.

Composed of the following units:

  • II Battalion / Infantry Regiment 11 (II/JR 11) (- one company)

  • Engineer Detachment (Pion.Os.)

These were later attached to Detachment Vuokko. On 26.7.1941 still as part of it was re-composed with the following units:

  • II Battalion / Infantry Regiment 11 (II/JR 11)

  • II Battalion / Infantry Regiment 32 (II/JR 32)

  • Light Detachment 5

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Detachment Vuokko

Detachment Vuokko was formed on 12.7.1941 for the attack towards Korpijärvi. It was led by Lt.Col. A. Vuokko.

Composed of the following units:

  • Infantry Regiment 32 (- III Battalion)

  • II Battalion / Infantry Regiment 11 (II/JR 11)

  • Engineer Battalion 34 (- 3rd Engineer Company)

Since 26.7.1941 Sissi Battalion 3 and Light Detachment 5 were attached to Detachment Vuokko. In August Sissi Battalion 3 was at first subordinated back to Detachment Malm and later moved to Division J on Kiestinki direction.

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Detachment V [Väisänen]

Detachment V was formed on ? for ?. It was led by Capt. E. Väisänen.

Composed of the following units:

  • 1st Company / Sissi Battalion 3

  • MG platoon / MG Company / Sissi Battalion 3

  • Fortress Battalion 14 (- MG company)

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Detachment H [Halonen]

Detachment H a. It was led by Capt. V. Halonen.

Composed of the following units:

  • 25th Border Guard Jäger Company

  • Separate Bicycle Company / 11th Brigade

  • gun platoon / 25th [AT] Gun Company

  • light mortar platoon

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Detachment N []

N

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Detachment Saku

Temporary combat detachment was formed on . It was led by Maj. S. Tenhunen.

Composed of the following units:

  • Infantry Regiment 32 (- III Battalion)
  • HQ / Infantry Regiment 11 (In logistical and supply duties only.)
  • Mortar Company / Infantry Regiment 11
  • [AT] Gun Company / Infantry Regiment 11
  • 2nd Engineer Company / Engineeer Battalion 34
  • Armoured Detachment Walter

On 4.9.1941 3rd Division was ordered for defence.
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Sources: JATHI, SUOSO, SCHFR1, TURMA1, KARVE4,
World War II Armed Forces - Orders of Battle and Organizations Internet site by Dr. Leo Niehorster,
Lexikon der Wehrmacht Internet site,
Internet article "
Jalkaväkirykmentti 11" [Infantry Regiment 11] by Pekka Hiitola,
War diaries:

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Copyright © Harri Anttonen 2001 - 4.2015